History of the Cost for 1st Class Postage Stamps Over The Years
U.S. Postal Service has one of the lowest letter rates in the industrialized world. Discover the history of the cost of first-class postage stamps over the years.
Over the last 150 years, the cost of a first-class postage stamp has only gone down 3 times.
The cost stayed consistent for a lot longer in the early years than it has over the last two or three decades though.
Let’s look at how postage rates have changed over the last century-and-a-half.
Postage Rate History
US postage rates were originally set by Congress as a result of the Postal Service Act that was signed into law by President George Washington in 1792. Originally, postage was set by the “distance zone” or how far the letter had to be carried to get to its destination.
As a size of a letter increase, it was subject to double or triple rates and “ship fees” were added for letters being delivered to Hawaii and other ports of entry.
The first postage stamps were issued in 1847. Before that, the rate, origin location of the letter, and dates were either handwritten or stamped with some type of hand-stamp device.
Postage Cost in the 1800s
Standardized first-class stamps were introduced in 1866. Those original stamps cost 3 cents, which would be 49 cents in 2018 dollars.
The cost of a stamp remained at 3 cents until 1882. The face value stayed the same at the time but when compared to 2018 dollars, the value did fluctuate. Where it started at an equivalent of 49 cents in 1866, that cost increased to an equivalent of 76 cents in 2018 dollar by 1882.
This shows how much more volatile the value of a dollar is in today’s world compared to what it was in the mid- to late-1800s.
The First Decrease in Postage Costs
In 1883, the cost of a first-class stamp changed to only, a 50 percent decrease in cost. This was the first of only three decreases in the last 150-plus years.
First-class postage stayed at 2 cents until 1917.
Postage Rates in the First Half of the 20th Century – 1900’s
Postage didn’t change for the first 16 years of the twentieth century but towards the end of the First World War, it went back up to 3 cents.
A one-cent increase doesn’t sound like much in today’s world but it was a 50 percent increase in cost. That would be like today’s postage increasing from 55 cents to 82 cents from one year to the next.
Postage only stayed at the 3-cent mark for two years, through 1918. After the war years were over, it dropped for the second time in history, to 2 cents, where it stayed until 1932.
Postage went back up to 3 cents in 1933 and stayed there for the next 25 years, until 1958. When converted to the equivalent in 2018 dollars, the cost ranged from 59 cents in 1933 to 26 cents in 1958.
The decrease in value relative to 2018 dollars shows how the value of money in the early- to mid-1900s started strong and gradually declined compared to recent years.
Postage Rates Start to Increase by Much More
In 1959, the cost of a first-class stamp went up to 4 cents, where it stayed until 1962. When converted to the equivalent value in 2018 dollars, this translates to 33 to 35 cents.
The mid-20th century is when postage rates started to increase on a much faster timeline. The 4-cent stamp was short-lived compared to the earlier years, lasting only 3 years instead of 15 or more years.
In 1963, the cost went up to 5 cents (41 cents in 2018 dollars), where it stayed for four more years. In 1968, the cost of a first-class stamp increased again to 6 cents, where it remained for another three years.
The first-class postage rate jumped two cents in its next increase, going to 8 cents from 1971 to 1973. Another two-cent increase landed in 1974 and 1975, followed by an even larger increase of 3 cents, taking the cost of a stamp to 13 cents in 1976 and 1977.
Stamps went from 13 to 15 cents in 1978, where they stayed until 1980. In 1981, a stamp cost 18 cents (50 cents in 2018 dollars) but they didn’t stay there for long.
The following years saw another increase, up to 20 cents in 1982. The cost of a stamp continued to increase through the 1980s, going from 20 cents to 22 cents in 1985 and 25 cents in 1988.
Stamps continued to increase by a few cents a year through 2015, at which point they were up to 49 cents. The third, and last, decrease in the cost of a first-class stamp happened in 2016 when the cost dropped back down to 47 cents.
2017 saw it jump back up to 49 cents, followed by 50 cents in 2018 and 55 cents in 2019.
Hedging Your Bets with Forever Stamps
The US Postal Service introduced Forever stamps in 2007. These stamps sell for the current cost of postage but instead of having a face-value of that amount, they will always be worth the current value of a first-class stamp.
For example, when these stamps were introduced, the cost of a first-class stamp was 41 cents. If you bought enough Forever stamps in 2007 to still have some in 2019, you would save 14 cents on every letter you mail. The stamp you paid 41 cents for in 2007 is worth 55 cents in 2019.
First-Class Postage Cost in 2020
The cost of a first-class stamp in 2020 is not changing so it will be the same as it is in 2019 – 55 cents for a letter up to one ounce. Overweight mail costs an extra 15 cents per ounce, which is also staying the same.
The cost of first-class postage from the US to Canada is the one increase coming in 2020. International postage is $1.15 for up to a one-ounce letter in 2019. That price will increase to $1.20 in 2020.
Postcards – A Unique Type of Mail
One type of mail that’s treated differently is a postcard. Postcards aren’t considered first-class mail and they cost less to send than a typical letter. The cost of sending a postcard is currently 35 cents and that price is staying the same in 2020.
Simplifying Postage with a Postage Meter
If your business sends a lot of mail, dealing with first-class postage stamps can be a lot of work. It can also be a pain to have to deal with changes in postage costs from one year to the next if you have a lot of stamps on hand.
If you mail any significant amount of letters, you’ll save a lot of time and money by using a postage meter. Postage meters let you print digital stamps, take advantage of USPS discounts, and avoid having to travel back-and-forth to the post office.
Postage Meter Rental offers a range of postage meters to meet the needs of any size business. Get in touch today to get a customized quote on the right meter for your business.Compare Postage Meter Costs